The polar bear organs are one of the poorly studied subjects. It is reasonable to assume that the arctic bears might possess similar anatomical structures as most mammals do. Polar bears possess four-chambered heart, a gastrointestinal tract, two lungs that are fixed to bronchii and trachea and two kidneys which are assigned to the urinary bladder. The central and peripheral system resembles much like humans. The cross-sectional anatomy appears to resemble human’s anatomy in many ways. The bear also possesses endocrine glands just like most land mammals.
Polar Bear Organs
Polar Bear Heart
The polar bear’s heart is slightly larger than the human’s heart but it is less than one-third of the hippo’s heart. The four-chambered bear’s heart consists of left and right ventricles as well as left and right auricles. Unlike in any other mammals the polar bear’s heart is mostly covered with fats because it eats a lot of seals. The heart is typical of a carnivorans like that of a dog as two vessels erupt from the aorta. It possesses brachiocephalic trunk for the left subclavian.
Polar Bear Liver
The polar bear liver is extremely rich in Vitamin A as there are 15,000 – 30,000 units occur in each gram. Since ice bears eat a lot of seal blubber the liver is composed of high fatty content. The quantity of cholesterol, lipid, and phosphate is very low.
- Polar Bear Heart
- Polar Bear Brain
- Polar Bear Lungs
- Polar Bear Kidneys
- Polar Bear Gall Bladder
- Polar Bear Liver Spleen
Read More: Polar Bear Penis
Polar Bear Sensory Organs
Arctic bears hunt seals while using their sharp smelling sense (olfaction). They are able to smell seals at a distance of about 1.7 kilometers. The remarkable olfaction ability allows the bear to detect seals moving 3 feet underneath the snow. While walking on the sea ice polar bears keep sniffing along the way.
Main Article: How Far Can a Polar Bear Smell?
White bears can also smell big carcass at 10 – 15 kilometers. Scientists believe that male polar bears smell 100 miles in a straight line to find female for mating. This shows that polar bears smell their mates many a miles away. The olfactory bulb in polar bears is nearly the size of a human thumb yet she can smell flesh at a great distance.
Main Article: How Far Can a Polar Bear See?
Polar bears appear to have reasonable eyesight in that it can see things at a fair distance. However the sight is not good enough to help bear in searching for prey which is why they rely more on olfaction than on vision. Polar bears are thought to see objects as far as 3 – 5 kilometers away. Studies suggest that bears can also see colors but the color vision is quite limited.
The polar bear’s hearing sense is probably not as good as olfaction. But it is not bad either. They can hear things in all directions but sniffing is only done in one direction. However the former is not acute as much. It is said about polar bears that they hear things before they see them.